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Courses After 12th

Published On: December 12, 2023

‘What is after the 12th?’ is the common question of all students and parents. There are numerous possibilities for undergraduate courses after finishing the 12th grade in any stream. They are all puzzled about work opportunities, career prospects, and their passions and preferences. Professionals claim that part of the problem is a lack of accurate knowledge about the courses offered in India and their potential for career advancement. 

Students can choose from a variety of alternatives in science, commerce, and the arts to choose an appropriate path to continue after their 12th grade. Top subject areas include engineering, architecture, design, law, applied science, management, business studies, behavioral and social sciences, economics, media, humanities, and more from which to select a course.

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Medical Courses after 12th

After their 12th grade, candidates may choose medical studies. The most popular medical courses that science students can enroll in after 12th grade are highlighted below. 


MBBS: Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery

Duration: 5.5 years

Course Level: Undergraduate

Eligibility: NEET (17 years of age and older)

Compulsory Subjects in 12th Grade: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics

Salary Range: 4–6 LPA

Top Colleges: AIIMS, JIPMER, CMC Vellore, etc.

Exam Date: May 5, 2024.

Minimum Fee Structure: ₹4,79,000 in government colleges and ₹50 L in private colleges

Overview: After completing the nine semesters of the MBBS program, a six-month internship is required. Three sections comprise the MBBS syllabus, covering topics such as anatomy, biochemistry, and physiology. 

Career Scope: After MBBS, courses offer more advanced skills along with knowledge about any particular medical specialty. Following MBBS, students can pursue both medical and non-medical studies. After MBBS, the most popular courses are MD and MS. Countless career options exist for MBBS graduates in the medical industry. They can choose to work for the government or private hospitals.

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Bachelor of Dental Surgery

Duration: 4 years + 1-year mandatory internship

Course Level: Undergraduate

Eligibility: NEET (17 years of age and older)

Compulsory Subjects in 12th Grade: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology

Salary Range: 4–10 LPA

Top Positions: Dental Research Scientist, Lecturer, Dentist, etc.

Minimum Fee Structure: ₹1 LPA to ₹6 LPA

Overview: The nation’s dental patient population has expanded in tandem with the growing awareness of the importance of good oral hygiene. Since it is mandatory in India to complete the BDS before practicing dentistry, treating these patients requires a BDS degree.

Job Scope: BDS graduates have a plethora of options when it comes to their career and employment possibilities. They have the option of working in government or private facilities as dentists, researchers, or teachers, or even starting their own dental clinic. 

Higher Studies: Master of Dental Surgery, Master of Public Health, Master of Health Administration, MBA in Healthcare Management, and MBA in Hospitality Management.

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Engineering Courses after 12th

After 12th grade, engineering courses are highly in demand. Applicants may apply for engineering courses after 12th grade if they have completed the science stream. The following list includes a few of the most well-liked post-12 courses.

B.E (Mechanical Engineering)

Duration: 4 years

Course Level: Undergraduate

Eligibility: Common Entrance Test, University Level Entrance Test, JEE, or 60% in 12th.

Compulsory Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics

Salary Range: 5–10 LPA

Top Positions: Mechanical Engineer, Service Engineer, Mechanical Designer, etc.

Related Engineering Streams: Aeronautical, Chemical, Automobile, Electronics, etc.

Minimum Fee Structure: ₹20,000 to ₹15,10,000 

Overview: The goals of BE mechanical engineering courses include addressing current issues in energy, transportation, healthcare, space exploration, climate change, world hunger, and other fields, as well as developing answers for the future. They get experience in product creation, guaranteeing the design’s dependability, safety, and efficiency at competitive prices. Throughout the course, a variety of topics are covered, including fluid mechanics, the theory of machines, robotics, and motion. The program trains students to become mechanical engineers with the ability to operate in the automotive and aeronautics industries. chemicals, electronics, building materials, energy, petroleum, textiles, etc.

Job Scope: One of the best and most well-liked engineering programs is the bachelor’s degree. Graduates in mechanical engineering have a plethora of career options in technological sectors. In practically any industry in India, a Bachelor of Engineering degree graduate can find employment. The available job profiles are nuclear engineer, maintenance engineer, instrumentation engineer, mechanical engineer, automotive engineer, and civil engineer. Some of the most pressing issues confronting humanity today, such as energy, clean water, food, aging populations, cybersecurity, and climate change, might be resolved with the aid of mechanical engineers. A career in mechanical engineering is safe and has a promising future: Because there is currently a scarcity of competent engineers, individuals who meet the requirements can expect to earn more money and have more possibilities.

Higher Studies: M.E., M.Tech, etc.

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B.Tech. (Bachelor of Technology)

Duration: 4 years

Course Level: Undergraduate

Eligibility: Entrance exam followed by counseling

Compulsory Subjects: Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics

Salary Range: 4–10 LPA

Specializations: Civil, Mechanical, Computer, Electrical, Marine, etc.

Electives: Robotics, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Autonomous Vehicles, Material Handling, Internet of Things, Cloud Computing, Cyber Security, etc.

Minimum Fee Structure: ₹20,000 to ₹15,10,000 

Overview: BTech degrees are in high demand across all industries. Every type of organization—public, private, huge, or small—hires engineers for a variety of roles. Numerous industries, such as KPO/Research Analytics, Accounting, and Finance, hire Btech graduates. Throughout the past year, recruiters from prestigious firms have visited several colleges in search of qualified applicants. 

Career Scope: Numerous esteemed companies that provide competitive salary opportunities hire BTech graduates. Salary and job profiles for BTechs differ based on some factors, such as the highest degree obtained, college reputation, work history, specialized knowledge, area of employment, and skill sets.

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B.Sc. Medical Radiography and Imaging Technology

Overview: Students interested in the medical field or medical lab technology can pursue a three-year undergraduate degree in Medical Radiography and Imaging Technology, known as the Bachelor of Science (BSc). The course covers a wide range of techniques for taking images of interior body parts and organs for clinical examinations, as well as in-depth knowledge of radiography.

Duration: 3 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks 

Admission Process: Merit or entrance-based

Course Fee: ₹10,000 to ₹6,25,000

Average Salary: ₹2,50,000 to ₹8,00,000

Top Positions: X-ray technician, radiation protection specialist, physiotherapist, diagnostic radiographer, etc.

Career Scope: There is a good career opportunity for BSc Medical Radiography and Imaging Technology holders in each of the three main job categories. These employment sectors include self-employment, private employment, and government work. The pay scale in this industry varies based on experience level and job role, from INR 30,000 to INR 20,000,000.

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B.Sc. Applied Electronics

Overview: A three-year undergraduate program in the electronics domain is called BSc Applied Electronics. In this course, students can work on the design and development of instruments and equipment that measure, control, regulate, and record data related to a variety of industrial processes.

Duration: 3 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks 

Admission Process: Merit or entrance-based

Course Fee: ₹10,000 to ₹2,00,000

Average Salary: ₹2,50,000 to ₹6,00,000

Top Positions: Audio Visual System Programmer, Tech Support, Electronics Engineer, Supervisory Electronics Engineer, Professor, Service Engineer, etc.

Career Scope: Career opportunities following a bachelor’s degree in applied electronics courses are quite varied. 

Indian telecoms, railways, the IT sector, public sector companies, education and research, the electrical and electronic industries, the defense industry, and more will employ such graduates.

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BBA International Business

Overview: A three-year undergraduate program in international business, known as the BBA, covers a wide range of topics, including global practices, business techniques adopted by rivals across borders, and cultural and business concepts that are pertinent to international commerce. 

Duration: 3 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks in commerce

Admission Process: Entrance or Merit

Course Fee: ₹50,000 to ₹2,50,000

Average Salary: ₹7 – ₹10 LPA

Top Positions: International HR Manager, International Operations Manager, Global Distribution Manager, etc

Career Scope: A degree in international business opens up a wide range of professional options. One’s options for educational programs are endless. The opportunities are endless, ranging from Ph.D. programs in management to competitive exams to secure jobs in government agencies. Applicants may choose to pursue doctoral programs in research, such as a PhD or doctor of science. 

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BTTM: Bachelor of Tourism and Travel Management

Overview: For students wishing to obtain an undergraduate degree in tourism and travel management, there is a specialized undergraduate course called the Bachelor of Tourism and Travel Management (BTTM). Students enrolled in this course at BTTM are required to study a variety of specialized disciplines, including foreign languages, religious tourism, environmental studies, hospitality management in the tourism industry, tourism planning, and ecotourism.

Duration: 4 years

Eligibility: +2

Admission Process: Merit or Entrance-Based

Course Fee: ₹10,000 to ₹8,00,000

Average Salary: ₹15,000 to ₹9,00,000

Top Positions: Tourism Manager, Recreation Manager, Transport Administrator, Travel Consultant, Events Manager, etc.

Career Scope: Students who complete BTTM will have many career options in a variety of tourism-related fields. 

There are jobs in the tourism industry in both the public and private sectors. Top hiring locations include travel agencies, tourism businesses, IT firms, universities, lodging facilities, and dining establishments.

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BCom Investment Management

This three-year undergraduate program covers topics in accounting, statistics, the stock market, and other important areas of finance.

Duration: 3 years

Eligibility: +2

Admission Process: Merit-based

Course Fee: ₹17,000 to ₹1,15,000

Average Salary: ₹15,000 to ₹1,50,000

Top Positions: Investment Banker, Financial Advisor, Account Manager, Acquisition Banker, Investment Analyst, etc

Top Recruiters: TCS, Wipro, Infosys, Google, South Indian Bank, etc.

Future Potential: Investment management is exceptionally broad. With the expertise they gain, students can begin working in finance and asset management as soon as they graduate, joining companies like the big four and even government agencies. The financial industry is expanding constantly as more and more people come to understand the advantages of earning money and making investments. The graduates are also eligible to pursue additional education in several MBA and M.Com. areas of expertise.

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B.Com Taxation and Finance

Overview: The foundation of a state’s operational and administrative duties is taxation and revenue collection. A state’s budget, which comes from taxes paid by its people, powers it. For the sake of the general public, it is therefore imperative that proper funding collection and utilization be guaranteed.

Duration: 3 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks

Admission Process: Merit or Entrance-Based

Course Fee: ₹12,000 to ₹3,00,000

Average Salary: ₹15,000 to ₹2,50,000

Top Positions: Auditor, Cost accountant, Income tax officer, Budget analyst,  Tax consultant, Finance manager, Assistant Accountant, etc.

Top Recruiting Areas: Sales tax department, Banking sector, Indian economic services, Import/Export firms, airports,  etc.

Career Scope: The work entails using a cycle of income collection and expenditure to manage the company’s financial resources efficiently and productively.

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Computer Applications


Applications are programs written for computers that are intended to assist users in doing one or more related, specialized tasks. The BCA program in computer science equips students with strong practical skills for handling problems arising from PC applications and frameworks. Based on the high frequency of applications, several computer science schools have emerged and are now offering graduate projects in computer science at B.C.A. standards. Additionally, the course may be pursued through several institutions’ distance learning programs.

Duration: 3 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks

Admission Process: Merit or Entrance-based

Course Fee: ₹10,000 to ₹8,00,000

Average Salary: ₹2,00,000 to ₹12,00,000

Top Positions: Technology Engineer, Programmers, Oracle PL/SQL Developer, Technical Consultant, PHP Developer, Software Developer, IT Specialist, Quality Analyst, Graphic Designer, etc.

Top Recruiting Companies: TCS, Accenture, HCL, Adobe, Infosys, IBM, Dell, Tech Mahindra, Reliance, NIIT, Wipro, Cognizant, etc.

Career Scope: BCA degree holders have a plethora of professional options at their disposal. The first and most obvious choice is to work in the IT industry. However, a person with a BCA in computer science can find employment in a variety of fields, including government departments, financial institutions, education, multimedia, surveillance, and security, among others.

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BCA Database Systems

Overview: The ideal applicants for the course are those who meet the eligibility requirements, such as experts in the computer and software fields who want to learn database systems in-depth. Participants in the course will acquire problem-solving abilities that facilitate the more sensible and practical organization and storage of data. This course is intended for those who aspire to work in the information technology industry and who want to solve practical, industrial, and real-world problems with efficiency.

Duration: 3 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks

Admission Process: Merit or Entrance-based

Course Fee: ₹5,000 to ₹5,00,000

Average Salary: ₹3,00,000 to ₹20,00,000

Top Positions: Database Administrator, Lecturer/Professor, Database Architect, etc.

Top Recruiting Companies: HCL, Infosys, Wipro, Larsen and Toubro (L&T), Tata Group, Google, Facebook, etc. Here is a glance at Infosys salary for freshers.

Top Recruiting Areas: ICT Service Providers, Colleges and Universities, Telecom Companies, Software Houses, ICT Consultancy Firms, and so on.

Career Scope: Database system experts can find employment in a range of capacities with prestigious firms like Infosys, IBM, Google, and others, all of which provide competitive average compensation packages. To run their IT departments, government agencies, including the Indian Army, Air Force, Navy, and NIC, also use these specialists.

BCA in Data Analytics

Overview: Applications for data analytics can be found in many different fields, including solving complicated corporate problems, increasing hospital and medical center efficiencies, and simulating athletic events. 

Optimization, computer simulation, statistics, decision analysis, predictive modeling, data mining and visualization, applied probabilistic modeling, artificial intelligence, and applications of these tools in supply chain, finance, marketing, and information systems are the main topics covered in data analytics.

Duration: 3 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks

Admission Process: Merit or Entrance-based

Course Fee: ₹5,000 to ₹5,00,000

Average Salary: ₹3,00,000 to ₹20,00,000

Top Positions: Among the positions held by data scientists are project managers, quantitative analysts, health care analysts, statisticians, business analysts, data scientists, market research analysts, technical team leaders, big data analysts, predictive modelers, and computer systems analysts.

Top Recruiting Companies: Google,  Oracle, Morgan Stanley, IBM, Microsoft, Deloitte, HCL, Wipro, LinkedIn,  Infosys, Accenture, Larsen and Toubro (L&T), ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Tata Group, Amazon, Infosys, Airtel, Idea, Reliance, etc.

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Mass Communication

B.A Journalism

Overview: The IBEF website projects that the Indian media and entertainment sector will grow by 13.5% to reach a valuation of USD 43.93 billion by 2024. This means that there will be enormous opportunities for BJMC course candidates in the future. The information and broadcasting sector’s FDI flow has expanded job prospects in India’s mass media and journalism.

Duration: 3 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks

Admission Process: Merit or Entrance-Based

Course Fee: ₹50,000 to ₹3,00,000

Average Salary: ₹3,00,000 to ₹8,00,000

Top Positions: Career options include news reporter, anchor, critic, photojournalist, copywriter, art director, filmmaker, photographer, public relations, news writer, and report writer.

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B.Sc. Agriculture

The four-year undergraduate BSc Agriculture program covers topics such as soil science, plant pathology, agricultural microbiology, genetics and plant breeding, and more, with an emphasis on agricultural science research and practices. The Indian government recognizes this professional degree in agricultural science. The goal of this course is to prepare students to use contemporary agricultural technologies and procedures in practical settings. 

Duration: 4 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks

Admission Process: Merit or Entrance based

Course Fee: ₹2,00,000 to ₹3,00,000

Average Salary: ₹4,00,000 to ₹6,00,000

Top Positions: Assistant Plantation Managers, Business Development Executives, Marketing Executives, Agricultural Research Scientists, Agriculture Development Officers, Agriculture Technicians, and Agriculturists are among the positions in agriculture.

Career Scope: Graduates of the program can find employment in the public and private sectors. The agricultural sector is experiencing a surge in employment opportunities due to the expanding significance of agriculture. After a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture, one of the most prominent positions in the public sector is the gazetted post of Agricultural Officer (Agronomist) in the Government of India. Agricultural Officer, Assistant Plantation Manager, Agricultural Research Scientist, Business Development Executive, and Marketing Executive are a few other positions related to this profile.

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Overview: The four-year undergraduate Bachelor of Design in Animation, or BDes in Animation, program includes sketching, 3D modeling, visual art, sculpture, storytelling, and other subjects. The goal of the BDes in Animation course is to improve candidates’ narrative, critical thinking, and image-making abilities. The BDes in Animation curriculum includes a variety of courses, including Introduction to User Experience Design, Visualization Techniques, History of Art and Design, and Graphic Design, among others.

Duration: 4 years

Eligibility: +2 with 50% marks

Admission Process: Merit or Entrance-Based

Course Fee: ₹20,000 to ₹4,50,000

Average Salary: ₹7,50,000 

Top Recruiters: IBM, Quick Heal, Verizon, Adobe, Citrix, Trivago, Qatar Airways, Yes bank, Tata technologies, etc. Check out the base IBM salary in Chennai.

Career Scope: Young people of this generation are increasingly choosing careers in animation due to the increased demand for animated films and video games, which combine creativity with enjoyment. Production firms and top animation industries recruit animators to build new animation monsters, a process that usually requires highly skilled, creative, and inventive people. Graduates of the BDes Animation program can opt to work for prestigious animation studios or, given the field’s high rate of professional growth, many choose to work independently.



Overview: The Bachelor of Architecture, or B Arch, is an undergraduate degree program that focuses on building design and construction. Usually lasting five years, the curriculum blends theory with real-world application. Graduates of B Arch programs can work as architects, urban planners, construction managers, and so on. They can also enroll in postgraduate programs like M.Arch or M.Plan.

Duration: 5 years

Eligibility: 50% marks in 12th or Diploma

Admission Process: NATA and JEE

Course Fee: ₹4,00,000 to ₹8,00,000

Average Salary: ₹2,50,000 – ₹5,00,000

Top Profiles: Architectural Engineer, Art Director, Architectural Historian, Interior Designer, Building Contractor and Researcher, Landscape Architect, etc

Top Recruiters: L&T, Sahara Group, DLF, IMAXE, Jindals, Edifice Architects Pvt.Ltd., 

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B.Arch. Interior Design

Overview: B.Arch Interior Design is a creative course study that primarily focuses on the skills necessary to design and build furniture to fill interior spaces, create and apply original ideas to the design of homes, businesses, malls, etc., and draw layouts for effective use of available space.

It focuses mostly on the management, planning, and organization of interior spaces in different types of institutions. Aspects of architecture, environmental psychology, product design, traditional decoration, fine arts, liberal arts, and science and technology courses are frequently combined in the program.

Duration: 5 years

Eligibility: 50% marks in 12th or Diploma

Admission Process: Merit or entrance-based

Course Fee: ₹2,00,000 to ₹6,00,000

Average Salary: ₹2,00,000 – ₹8,00,000

Top Profiles: Architect, Lighting Designer, Interior Decorator,  Set Designer, Project Manager, etc.

Top Recruiting Companies: Architect Hafeez Contractor, Arcop, Larsen & Toubro Limited, Gensler, etc.

Career Scope: The scope of the BArch Interior Design program is broad because candidates have many prospects in several connected fields. These graduates’ professional prospects are:

  • One of the few jobs where one can work from home with little initial expenditure is interior design.
  • Graduates of the BArch Interior Design program may potentially choose self-employment following graduation.
  • These candidates may also pursue advanced degrees in architecture and interior design.
  • Applicants may also work in a variety of corporate and private settings.

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